Qualifying Widoer Filing Status

Filing taxes can be a daunting and complex task, so it’s important to make sure you understand the rules related to filing status. If you’re a qualifying widow or widower, there are special tax laws that may apply to your situation. Here we’ll take an in-depth look at the criteria for this filing status and how it could affect your taxes.

One of the most important things to remember when considering the qualifying widow(er) filing status is that you must have been married before the year being filed for. That means if you were widowed in 2020, then 2021 would be the first year you would be eligible to file as a qualifying widow(er). Additionally, it’s also necessary to show that a dependent child lived with you during the tax years after your spouse passed away. Lastly, it’s essential that your gross income meet certain requirements each year in order for you to use this filing option.

If all these prerequisites are met, then claiming this filing status could lead to some significant savings on your annual taxes. But understanding exactly what qualifies someone as a “qualifying widow” is key—and that’s where we come in! Read on for more information about what makes somebody eligible and why this filing option might be right for you.

Definition Of Widow Filing Status

The Widow filing status is a specific tax filing designation for those individuals who have lost their spouse within the past two years. This status can provide widows with certain tax benefits and exemptions, depending on their individual financial situation.

If you are eligible to file your taxes as a Widow, this means that you are able to take advantage of higher standard deductions or other applicable credits or exemptions than if you were filing under a single filer status. It also allows you to report income from investments held in joint accounts with your deceased spouse without incurring any additional taxes on it. Additionally, if you are the surviving parent of minor children under age 17, you may be able to claim them as dependents on your return and receive a larger child-related tax credit than when using another filing status.

In order to qualify for the Widow filing status, there are several criteria which must be met: You must not have remarried since the death of your spouse; You must not be claimed by anyone else as a dependent on his/her tax return; Your earned income must meet certain thresholds set forth by the IRS; And finally, if claiming dependents, they must meet all relevant requirements established by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

Tax Implications

When it comes to taxes, qualifying widow(er) filing status can be a major benefit. This is because the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) considers you “unmarried” for tax purposes when you use this designation. That means that if your spouse died during the past two years and you haven’t remarried, then you could qualify as a surviving widower or widow.

Qualifying widow(er) filing status gives taxpayers several advantages over other single people who are not eligible for such treatment. First of all, those married couples who file jointly tend to have lower overall tax bills than individuals filing separately; by using widow/widower status, one may take advantage of this effect even after their partner has passed away. Secondly, due to being considered unmarried under IRS guidelines, qualifying widows/widowers get access to higher standard deduction amounts and additional deductions such as the student loan interest deduction which they would otherwise miss out on. Finally, since they are still treated as part-year married filers until the end of the year in which their partner died, there is no marriage penalty applied and any unused credits from prior joint returns carry over into the current year’s return.

The benefits of choosing this filing status don’t stop at just savings either; by continuing to use the same marital filing status that was used before a partner’s death, surviving spouses may also avoid having to submit extra paperwork or deal with complex issues related to estate planning. Furthermore, for some beneficiaries whose income might exceed certain limits without taking into account losses incurred from their deceased spouse’s investments or business ventures, this reduced taxable income may help them stay within range so that they don’t face larger penalties down the line. All these factors make it clear why selecting qualifying widow(er) filing status can often be beneficial for many survivors of bereavement.

How To File As A Qualifying Widow

In the wake of losing a spouse, filing taxes can be an added stressor. Fortunately, there is a filing status available for those who have recently lost their partner and are still unmarried; this option is known as “qualifying widow(er)”. To use this filing status, one must meet certain qualifications laid forth by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

The first qualification requires that you were married to your deceased spouse at some point during the previous two years prior to their death. That means if it was over two years since you were last married, then qualifying widower status would not apply. Secondly, you must have been eligible to file jointly with your spouse when they died. This includes being able to claim them as a dependent on your tax return and having made less than $400,000 in combined income. Additionally, any dependents you may currently have must also qualify as such under IRS guidelines.

To take advantage of this beneficial filing status, simply include “Qualifying Widow(er)” on line 5 of Form 1040 or 1040-SR and attach a copy of your late spouse’s final income tax return to yours. If all other requirements are met, then you will receive additional deductions which can help make up for the financial loss suffered due to their passing away. With careful consideration of these criteria and proper documentation submitted along with your taxes forms each year, grieving spouses should be able to properly utilize this special filing status so that they may continue on with their lives without undue financial burden from Uncle Sam.

Exceptions And Special Considerations

There are several exceptions and special considerations for those who may qualify to file as a qualifying widow or widower. Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA), taxpayers must meet all four of the following criteria in order to use Qualifying Widow(er) status: 1) The taxpayer’s spouse died during either of the two preceding tax years, 2) You did not remarry before the end of the year for which you are filing your taxes, 3) You have a dependent child living with you at least half of the year, 4) Your gross income is less than $250,000 if filing jointly with your deceased spouse. If any one of these requirements is not met, then the taxpayer cannot claim this filing status.

In addition to meeting all four criteria listed above, there are also other circumstances that might make someone eligible to file as a Qualifying Widow(er). For instance, an individual whose spouse had already passed away prior to 2018 may still be able to take advantage of this filing status as long as they remain unmarried. Additionally, individuals who were legally separated from their spouses prior to death can still qualify if they don’t remarry by December 31st each year and have maintained custody over a dependent child throughout that time period. Furthermore, it should be noted that if both members of a married couple pass away within the same calendar year, only one surviving family member may use Qualifying Widow(er) filing status – usually whoever has custody over any dependents involved will get preferential treatment in this regard.

Finally, depending on state laws regarding inheritance taxes and estate planning regulations, it’s possible that some taxpayers might need additional forms when claiming Qualifying Widow(er) status so that their return can be properly processed. It’s important to consult with local tax professionals or legal representatives in cases like these where multiple factors come into play simultaneously.


In conclusion, qualifying widow filing status can offer significant tax benefits to those who are eligible. While there are strict eligibility criteria that must be met in order to file as a qualifying widow, the potential savings make it well worth exploring this option further. It is important to note that while some exceptions and special considerations apply, most taxpayers can successfully navigate the process of filing under this status with the help of an experienced accountant or tax preparer.

Taxpayers who have lost their spouse during the past two years should take particular care when preparing their taxes and ensure they meet all requirements for filing as a qualified widow/widower. Even if these individuals do not qualify for this specific filing status due to certain limitations on income level or other factors, there may still be other options available which could provide them with more favorable tax treatment than standard single filer status.

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